buying a puppy, Responsible Breeding, Responsible Ownership, Selling puppies

How much do puppies cost? How the “breeder wars” hurt our community

There are a whole bunch of good guides out there on how to price a product. They vary in terms of how much you can add on top of the basic equation – how much margin you can expect – but the initial algebra is pretty consistent.

You take your raw materials cost, add in your overhead (travel included), make sure you’re counting rent and utilities and other facilities cost, and then pay yourself a good living wage on top of that. If you’re putting in 40 hours, you might be able to pay yourself $30 an hour. If a lot of what you do is stand around and then there are bursts of activity, $150 an hour might be more reasonable. Once you’ve done all that, then you add in your profit. The whole thing is called “cost-plus,” and it’s why you pay more for a vase than you would for the clay, and more for a photograph than you would for the film.

Anyone investigating setting up a small business that is based on a unique product or service (as opposed to a commodity – in other words, you’re either making something by hand or producing something unique) is told that it hurts everyone to undersell yourself. If you price your widget at $50 when an actual cost-plus price should be $300, you hurt everybody in the widget business. People start to think that widgets should be $50, so they refuse to buy the $300 ones anymore. You enjoy a brief period of popularity but then you go out of business because even with huge volume you still lose money. Nobody wins.

If you want to succeed in your widget business and build the industry for everybody, you not only charge $300, you’re PROUD of the $300. One of the other cardinal rules of expertise-oriented small business is that discounts are death. The discount becomes the “real” worth, and the customer reacts negatively to the normal price. If your instinct is to discount, we’re told, do a freebie instead. Charge $300 for the widget and throw in a $20 credit; don’t discount to $280.

Now let’s look at dog breeding. We’re always walking a delicate line because we don’t consider ourselves businesses but we do ask money for a product, or (as I prefer to think of it) we ask money for an extended-support contract. But people ARE handing us a check.

If we followed cost-plus pricing, the way a small business is supposed to, the average puppy price for a well-bred litter should be around $20,000 each. And that’s not an exaggeration. Most of us have a litter once a year, twice at most; our expenses are astronomical. Most of our “raw materials” (show-potential puppies) end up never producing anything. Those who have more litters than that are also the ones who are paying the most; they are the ones showing every weekend and they have an RV that cost a year’s salary and their vet bills could send a kid to college.

So let’s say that a fair puppy price, if we were treating this like a business, would be $20,000 per. That’s the price that, if we were businesspeople, we should be PROUD to ask.

Why, then, do the ridiculously small puppy prices we DO ask engender so much embarrassment, and (even worse) so much breeder-to-breeder criticism?

I rearranged my puppy page last night, and as an experiment decided to put my puppy price there publicly. I’ve never done that before; very few breeders do. There’s a feeling, and I think it’s not a bad one, that we don’t want to make it look like anybody who can meet the price gets the puppy. The problem with this is that potential owners are kind of floundering; they don’t know how much is normal and they don’t know when to bring it up with you. I also did it because I’m a potential owner too; I feel the same tension anybody does when I am approaching a breeder. We are not, and never will be, the kind of family that can drop even three figures without thinking about it; when something could be anywhere from $1000 to $5000 – and I won’t even know until I am well into the process – it really gets stressful.

I put my price there because I want to see if a public price really does bring me a lower caliber of buyer, and (if so) if I feel I can still place puppies well using all the other things I do, like questionnaires and interviews and meetings.

I was typing along, listing the stuff that comes with a well-bred puppy, and when I typed out the price my immediate reaction was to say “OH MY GOSH I KNOW I’M SORRY I’M SORRY I PROMISE IT’S WORTH IT.” I was actually embarrassed, cringing with the thought that somebody was going to be mad at me for saying that my puppies are a certain price.

And I also know that any time a price is made public on someone’s website or somebody hears that so and so is charging this much and this other person is asking that much, it becomes a topic of gossip and criticism. “Did you know he asked THREE GRAND for that litter?” “Did you hear that she got TWO THOUSAND for that MISMARK?”

It seems, often, that breeders will take any opportunity to tear each other down – as a group we are passionately pro-dog, and I’ve never met any who were more selfless when it comes to care and welfare and devotion to doing the right thing. But we are often incredibly cruel to each other. It’s the same sad tune that mothers sing: I stayed home and you didn’t; I breastfed and you didn’t; you let your kids eat fries and I don’t. “Did you hear what she did” is the great battle cry.

In dog breeding, and I think this can be the case in many other pursuits as well, self-abnegation becomes the real pride. I lost more money than you did; I neutered more show prospects than you did; I charge $1000, well I charge $800, well I charge $600, well I give them away and also donated my kidney to a puppy buyer. I breed twice a year, I breed once a year, I breed once every five years, I’ve owned this breed for fifteen years and never once have I even LOOKED at a dog’s genitals with intent to use them.

Here’s the truth: Any show breeder charging less than $20,000 per puppy is not running a business. They’re undercharging. So even a few dollars below that amount, we’re all on a level playing field. And I don’t know anybody charging even a third of that, so WE’RE ALL IN THE SAME BOAT. Nobody gives out prizes for I-dig-a-deeper-hole-than-you.

Within our losing-money-fast boat, individual breeders make decisions based on how they feel they can best place their puppies. I’ve had breeders tell me that they charge $2000 because pet stores are asking $1800 for their breed. If they don’t go over that amount, people feel that their beautifully bred puppies are not worth as much as the pet store dogs. I’ve had other breeders tell me that they charge a very low price because then they can pick and choose from many more buyers. And I’ve had others tell me that they price at the very top of their breed’s range because that actually pulls in more buyers (the “Ivy League” effect – Yale has thousands of applicants for a few positions, while Hobtown Community College has a hundred applicants for a thousand positions).

No matter what they have decided, EVERYBODY’S LOSING MONEY. There’s no reason to attack anyone. This is especially so in the Cardigan community, by the way, where puppy prices are INCREDIBLY LOW. I sold my last litter of Danes years ago for $1500 each, and that was the very lowest end of the breed’s range. That same year a friend bought a similarly well-bred Dane puppy for $3000; the show-marked harlequins were somewhere in the $4500 range and many of them went with puppies back as well. Prices went up an average of $50-$100 per year, quite consistently. Danes are not a particularly expensive breed, either; if I were looking for a well-bred pet puppy of any breed in 2010, I’d expect to pay around $2000. When I inquired about Cardigans and was told that they were in the $900 range, I about fell over dead. It felt like shopping at the dollar store for a show puppy!

And there’s no “reason” Cardis are that low; no reason besides a certain expectation of that’s what everybody’s selling them for. So there’s no pride attached to selling them even lower, or any pride attached to selling them higher either. Everybody’s shoveling money into a dog-shaped hole, so what decisions are made around that situation are your business and nobody else’s.

If I see somebody charging $3,000 for Cardigan puppies, I need to be able to distinguish between something that’s WRONG (which obviously it’s not; that person is still nowhere near making a profit or being motivated by money) and something that is not what I would have decided. I may have my own private little thoughts about it, in the same way that I would have my little thoughts about feeding (or not feeding) fries to your kids, but I need to put on my big-girl panties and not make a moral issue out of it – because we are on the same side. That’s what it really comes down to. Much more unites us than divides us, and as a community we should be loving to each other even when decisions differ.


If you’ve hung around long enough and are a normal person wondering how I personally put a dollar figure to puppies, here’s how I do it.

I sell my puppies oddly. I charge more at the beginning and then rebate for classes and titles. I do this on the advice of a wonderful trainer, who said that puppies should be like soda cans; you should be rewarded for doing the right things with them. So I pay for puppy K and I pay for a herding instinct test or any title (rally included). Clue’s first litter was my grand experiment in doing this and I was VERY happy with the way it went. I had a 100% puppy K attendance, which I think is the most important thing you can possibly do for the average puppy, and I gladly wrote those checks. I hope to write more as the titles are achieved.

My puppy price is $1200 (with $200 rebated, for a total of $1000 in the end) this year. I tried to be as honest with puppy people as I could be, showing them exactly how much it cost to get their puppy to eight weeks old so they would understand that I wasn’t making any money; I also used this lovely mess as a ruler. I did not want to price puppies so low that they were being bought as pit bull bait, which sounds hideous but it happens far more often than you’d ever imagine. At $1000 I am right in the middle of the bad-breeder pack, which I am not happy with as a rule but I also don’t want to keep really great owners who don’t have a lot of money to throw around away from my door.

I would love – LOVE – to someday be able to actually redefine what I do as a free puppy and a lifetime support contract. I would love for us all to do that. I think it makes more sense to a buyer when you ask them how much they’d expect to be paid to be on call for the next twelve years than to try to accurately define what a living puppy is “worth.” And I think defining the transaction as a support contract also allows them to distinguish between a good supplier and a bad one without labeling the puppy itself as good or bad.

Maybe someday that will come true, and people will figure they’re paying me a buck-ninety a week and it will seem like a bargain. Until then, I will continue to try to walk that line, failing at business but hopefully succeeding at establishing value.

And hopefully we won’t fight too too much.

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  • Reply K.B. August 27, 2010 at 10:08 am

    I agree with everything you say on dog breeding and good breeders, but….

    This is where my brain falls out: good breeders cannot expect to make money on their litters (and golly, if they do, they are teh devil). We need more good breeders, to fill the puppy demand, so people won’t go to newspaper ads/Craigslist/etc. (not talking about pet stores here, since most (I hope) people get the puppy mill connection now).

    So, in reality, we are asking more people to join the “let’s lose a lot of money being good breeders” bandwagon.

    Is this something we can really expect to happen? We can do our best to educate buyers, and do our part to only buy from good breeders, but there will always be that person who decides to breed “cheaply”, makes money on the litter because they aren’t paying for health testing,titles, etc., and there will always be the person who buys from them, mainly, I think, because it’s EASY to get a puppy that way.

    (oh yeah, my sister just bought a Shih Tzu from a “not a breeder, just happened to have two intact dogs around of the same breed and ooops, they mated”. Sigh. And when I mentioned puppy class, I just got an odd look. Double sigh. Let’s not even get into the grooming and nail-cutting conversation. Or the “really, it’s not funny when she bites, because suddenly she’s be a not-a-puppy who bites”)

    I’m probably not making a lot of sense (way too early of a morning today), but I can’t see the end of “backyard” breeding as long as good breeding is a money-losing endeavor, and I can’t see any way of not losing money if you’re doing right by the dogs.

    • Reply rufflyspeaking August 27, 2010 at 10:26 am

      Yes, we ARE asking more to join the crazy.

      I don’t know how to do it unless (and until) it becomes the right thing to do again. The “golden age” of the purebred dog was when breeding beautiful dogs was considered to be part of a well-rounded high-end life. You go get successful, buy your house and your land, and then you were expected to get back in touch with life and the earth. Some people bred pedigree cattle, some hybridized orchids, some imported cycads or Merinos, some bred dogs. We are all living off the efforts those people put in, and to a certain extent we’ve been coasting or making only little bits of changes ever since. There are so few of us who can make the kind of progress they did, now that the era of big kennels and lots of litters is over.

      Now that we’re all supposed to be ashamed of even owning a purebred, much less breeding them, breeding is skeevy and the only reason anybody gets into it is to make money (which means cutting vast corners on quality) or because they’re so nuts about dogs that they will struggle through the pushback. The dog nuts are typically pretty poor, and can’t afford to produce a bunch of puppies. That’s the situation we are in now.

      Maybe at some point the pendulum will swing back again, and the cool thing will stop being collecting mid-century modern furniture and never-used cooking equipment and go back to high-end money-losing agriculture, which is after all what dog breeding is. I can’t help but think it would be a healthier pursuit!

      • Reply micaela August 29, 2010 at 9:34 pm

        I want to live a well-rounded high-end life that allows me to collect mid-century modern furniture, breed goats for cheesemaking, rescue dogs & cats, and practice high-end money-losing organic agriculture… how/where do I sign up??? 😛

        Weird that I read this last night and so totally agreed with you on the cost-plus argument, and then today one of my (usually) favorite pro-BFing bloggers posted something disappointing about babycarriers being the new status symbol. *sigh* Big box store mindset strikes again, dóh!

  • Reply kat August 27, 2010 at 10:22 am

    I think a rebate is a fantastic idea. I’ve been seriously disappointed in the lack of interest my breeder showed my dog. If it were me I would want to know exactly how all my babies were getting along!

    • Reply rufflyspeaking August 27, 2010 at 10:31 am

      I just have to say – I have major Frank lust. He needs to come sit on my lap and order me to do things.

      • Reply kat August 28, 2010 at 8:54 am

        thanks! I think he would be well up for that!

  • Reply Maggie August 27, 2010 at 11:17 am

    Wow, that was a loooong post.
    i’m still traumatized by how much Kipling cost me (and you), but it is all worth it when I can write an incomprehensible email to you crying “OMG, he is injured..@$#%^.. what to do?” and get your reply.

  • Reply Kathy J August 27, 2010 at 11:35 am

    The breeder that I have gotten 4 dogs from lists prices on it. I guess I like it because I know what I am getting myself in to.

    In my breed – a bit more common than cardis – my brain doesn’t start to whirl about puppy price until we get north of $800. Have I been brainwashed? Maybe.

    BTW if you check out the keeping in touch page the person sitting with the ribbons and the tri dog is me and my beloved dog Jack.

  • Reply kelly August 27, 2010 at 11:38 am

    This is so similar to the issues I face as a residential architect it’s scary. I can’t operate at a loss but there is a great temptation to undervalue my services while competing with builder homes and online home plans. People balk at paying for design services or for paying the cost/sf of even an affordably designed custom home when they can get the ‘same thing’ for so much cheaper elsewhere. And just as with puppies, they are not actually getting anything like the same thing. With an architect they are (hopefully) getting a much better product and a huge amount of personal service.

    There remains a large gap between those that can appreciate and those that can afford good design and actual custom service. I’m in the process of experimenting with alternate business models that can bridge this gap.

    Now excuse me while I go sort this out in my mind while petting the purebred dog sitting in my mid-century modern chair.

  • Reply Shep August 27, 2010 at 2:58 pm

    *laughs* I did what you did on first inquiring about Cardigans (and subsequently thereafter.) When the price came up, I didn’t even bat an eye. My response was — wow, that was er, cheap. I’m used to working/show Shepherds, and my mother about bonked my head in when I told her what I paid for my first dog when I was broke and scraping by on Ramen. I didn’t tell her the dog ate better than me for the first couple of years. 😉

    Actually, my show cats cost more than most Cardis. Want to see someone look at you like you’re rather off the deep end? Be involved with purebred cats and tell someone what a kitten costs.

    I don’t know if the public price does get you a different sort of buyer at all. Most people who want a purebred dog of any breed have done general research and know they’re not getting a dog for “cheap” so to speak. The main reason I was always wary about public prices on animals was that certain states have a “retail” clause that say if the price is advertised out there, you must sell to any person who has cash in hand. It’s a discrimination clause.

    I had a rebate given on my first show shepherd for titles and classes. Let me tell you, I actually wouldn’t take the rebate money. 😉 I had way too much fun showing everyone that my “show sheperd” could think, work, and wasn’t just a pretty face. Instead, I just asked for camp at the breeder’s house when we were out of town and I didn’t trust the dog to not put one over on the petsitter. 😉

  • Reply Crystal August 27, 2010 at 4:57 pm

    Rebates for classes and titles? Good lord, I’m buying from you- my puppy would end up being free!

    • Reply Crystal August 27, 2010 at 5:10 pm

      So, I just read your puppy application (out of curiousity, not because a puppy is in the cards right now), and I have to say that question 11 made me laugh out loud. I also know it wasn’t a joke… I don’t even want to KNOW how much dog hair I’ve eaten at this point in my life, but let’s just say that the answer is “a lot.” There has been more than one occasion where I’ve seen a dog hair float on to my food, but have been unable to locate it. Also, I’ve been given a lifetime pass from bringing food to the office potlucks.

  • Reply kathi August 27, 2010 at 5:51 pm

    Just a quick comment about public pricing. I’m only familiar with one breed, so I don’t know whether other parent clubs make mention of it at all, but in ARC’s membership agreement is this statement “Prices shall be based on individual merit and shall not be included in any advertising.” I guess all this really ends up saying is that a Rottweiler breeder giving a public price is not necessarily good or bad, but they probably don’t belong to ARC. Now is *that* good or bad? A whole different topic!

  • Reply Jamie August 27, 2010 at 6:32 pm

    My beagle cost $95.00 at the shelter and he came neutered, house broken, and UTD on his shots. On the other hand, I don’t know anything about his past, his true age, or what he is mixed with. But I do know that he is a fantastic, loyal dog with so much love to give and I wouldn’t trade him for anything. :- )

    I can’t tolerate people who bargain shop for purebred dogs and end up purchasing from a crappy backyard breeder because the dog was a couple of hundred cheaper. If you don’t care enough about the quality and health of the dog to purchase from a legit breeder, adopt a dog for even less money. That way you are supporting a good cause and rescuing dogs. Its a win-win!

    BTW, I have two acquaintances of mine that breed their purebred dogs and offer the puppies for a couple hundred. “Purebred with no papers” is their slogan. Their puppies sell every time, so they keep breeding (one even said “We let her get pregnant again even though the vet said not to, but more people wanted puppies”). It makes me so angry but I don’t know how to approach the subject without endangering our relationship (especially since one of them is family…).

  • Reply Kamie August 27, 2010 at 8:50 pm

    I appreciate that you as a breeder offer rebates for titles and classes. The breeder I am looking into now (for spoos) does the same thing, AND she publicly prices her dogs.

    • Reply Kamie August 27, 2010 at 8:51 pm

      Also meant to say that I just finished editing a picture OF my purebred dog, in a midcentury chair. Do I win something?

      • Reply kelly August 27, 2010 at 11:34 pm

        Maybe you and I could take lots of pictures of our well-bred dogs in our mid-century modern furniture to try to get it published in Dwell. That way good dog breeding could piggyback on this design trend and we could solve all the problems Joanna is describing here. 😉

        • Reply micaela August 29, 2010 at 9:42 pm

          I love this idea! Maybe J will even share your pics if Dwell takes a pass on them?

  • Reply Raegan August 27, 2010 at 9:38 pm

    I guess this is what I get for not finishing out that business degree, huh?

    I’ve owned one dog for one year, so I’m well aware of what my opinion is worth, but it just seems that waiting for people to realize that the right way to breed dogs costs hundreds of thousands of dollars when the wrong way MAKES them money is a bit of a longshot. There has to be a better system, not necessarily profit-making, but more efficient.

    • Reply Pai August 27, 2010 at 9:54 pm

      It can only be done via consumer education. As long as there is demand, there will always be supply. If people stop ‘settling for less’, low-end breeders will either get out of the business or get with the program (because some of them really do love their dogs/breed, in a simplistic kind of way, and I think those types have the best chance of being reached and converted).

      • Reply Verjean April 26, 2013 at 7:15 pm

        And the problem is educating the public en masse. Trying to get the word out to LARGE masses of the public is difficult. However, it IS getting out. But we need to really teach them how to find a truly good breeder. First of all, the potential owner must know something about the breed they wish to bring into their home. How large will it be? How much food will it eat? How much grooming will be necessary? What is the natural temperament? How active is the breed, and how much exercise will be required? Does this breed fit your family’s lifestyle? What health problems are prevalent in this breed? Is this the right breed for me (us)? These are just some of the questions that must be asked and answered BEFORE the public even starts looking for a breeder. Then, do the parents have all current health tests as recommended by their parent club? Have they been submitted to OFA? If they haven’t obtained health testing, nor submitted to OFA, ask the breeder why. If these are “show” dogs, i.e. conformation, field, obedience, tracking, etc…what titles do the parents have? How many titled dogs are in the three generation pedigree? One dog, three generations back with a title, does NOT a champion pedigree make. May I see both parents and meet them in person? Again, if not, why? If the male is not available, (outside stud service…) may I see and meet your other adult dogs, or perhaps other puppies or juveniles? (There is no good reason for a breeder not allowing you to meet the parents, or other adults..,) What health problems have these lines experienced in the past? (and if the breeder tells you they’ve NEVER had health issues…RUN AWAY…they are LYING!!!) What did the breeder do regarding any health issues that may have arisen? What potential problems could be expected in this litter? If the breeder answers these questions in a manner that feels truthful, and that makes you comfortable, then you can probably open up a conversation about obtain one of their puppies or dogs. If anything sits wrong with you in the above conversation and questions…do not purchase from this breeder. Find another, and start the process again. And for god’s sake, if you see pitiful puppies, in pitiful conditions, DO NOT BUY ONE because you feel sorry for it, and wish to rescue it…your heart will broken a hundred fold with such a purchase.

  • Reply Marie Finnegan August 31, 2010 at 12:32 am

    Wow what a great post. I think truely educated people won’t care how much you charge because they want a pup from a reputable breeder period. To me the cost is secondary (Tho I would have to ask so I know who much I need to save up.) The uneducated are the ones frequenting the BYB’s or trying to cut a deal. To bad they don’t realize it can save them money down the road on vet bills. (Testing? Why would I need to ask about any testing??) Not to mention having a support system for problems. I love my akita breeder so much I feel guilty knowing Jack is probably my last akita. (I’m thinking about staying with small dogs after Jack is gone.)

    I LOVE LOVE LOVE your rebate plan. If I were a breeder I’d steal that for sure.

  • Reply Sara January 5, 2012 at 11:04 pm

    I’ve always loved the rebate plan. My mom will do the same thing with her rescues if the dog needs more training. They get the cost of the puppy or basic manners class back (or close to it) if they actually go to class. She also gives rebates if they keep her name on the microchip info (their’s first of course and her’s as a back up). And I can say, it really does work! I just saw one of the younger dogs she adopted out at puppy class not too long ago!

  • Reply Kimberly Fritzler April 26, 2013 at 2:56 am

    Well written article. My husband and I have been involved in dogs for more than thirty years and breed companion/show/performance greyhounds. We average one litter a year, breed champion or performance titled stock that is health screened and we sell to approved homes with a sales contract that includes health guarantees. We also provide life time mentoring and offer rebates. We price our puppies according to investment, and our puppies right now are priced between $2000 to $2500. Started show quality dogs are more, sometimes much more. We will sell show quality dogs to companion homes. We absolutely stand behind the health of our dogs and will always take back dogs we have bred, or dogs sired by our dogs. We have a code of ethics and are passionate about our breed. We are not shy about the prices we charge for our dogs, we are fully aware of the investment.

  • Reply Verjean April 26, 2013 at 6:56 pm

    Fabulous article. And some fabulous replies. I have owned all kinds of dogs, mixes, rescued purebreds (or at least close..) and lovely pedigreed dogs for show, field and performance. By the way, one of my best performances dogs, is a mix. I have obtained my dogs from breeders, from rescues, and directly from shelters. One of the purposes of “breeders” is to obtain a companion with a “known” background…health, temperament, type, etc. And while it may be a “passion” for those doing it well, it is still extremely hard work, heartbreaking work, and expensive work. I had some one contact me wanting to get a reputable breeder for a specific breed, well known for structural and health problems. They wanted a healthy puppy that was bred with good structure and health in mind. I know of a breeder, so referred them. They were absolutely dumbstruck when the price for a “pet” (healthy pet, mind you…) was $1500. They were almost insulted that someone would expect that price for a “pet” puppy. Yet every bit as much love, toil, health-testing, whelping, and expense was involved in producing that pet puppy, as a potential show “prospect”. So we have a “disconnect” in the public awareness. Some are understanding that they need to go to a “good” breeder for a healthy puppy, but still expect Craig’s List pricing. Now, are there breeders that do place pets at a discount? Sure. But in our “I must have it now” American mindset, we either wish for someone else to do our work and find the perfect breeder for us, or we give up and go for what is easy. It’s hard interviewing breeders. It SHOULD be!!! It’s hard confirming that the adults have current health testing, and it’s “passing”. It’s hard to confirm that breeders are who they say they are. It’s hard visiting the breeder and looking at their dogs, looking at the conditions they are kept in, looking at the conditions the puppies are raised in. It takes time, effort. By doing these things, YOU are the one making the decision about the reputability of this breeder. If you do not wish to invest this kind of time and effort (and expense…) then there are plenty of rescues and adoptable animals at shelters that desperately need good homes. And if you obtain one of these lucky shelter/rescue animals, then it is YOUR responsibility to find training classes so that you may bond with your dog, and that he/she becomes a good canine citizen in your community. It becomes your responsibility to carefully monitor his/her health in those early days. It becomes your responsibility to accept whatever issues (within reason…) that this particular dog packs along. There is no “cheap” choice here. Just whether you wish your expense to be up front, or later.
    I know many breeders with rebate plans, and owners do seem to respond to them. It’s a creative solution. I know many good breeders, I know many not-so-good. But I know the process I utilize when I am looking to purchase a puppy. And the breeder has to meet MY standards. And if that is done, then the prices being discussed here, are more than reasonable, and fairly standard in the market. But as long as someone will advertise “cheap” championship pedigreed puppies, someone will buy them. With little or no thought whatsoever.

  • Reply HTPCB April 29, 2013 at 4:46 am

    Great article! Thank you for addressing this.

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